Stachus Peter Tu
Hiroshima Shudo University
Stachus Peter Tu is originally from Montana in the United States. He is a doctoral student at Hiroshima Shudo University who teaches part-time at universities around Hiroshima. He occasionally gives presentations at the English Literary Society of Japan and the Japan Association for Language Teaching. His research interests include politeness, facework, and social media.
This presentation reports the findings from an English online discussion forum that employs the LINE smartphone application to investigate the effect of instruction on Japanese university students’ use of nonverbal markers (emoji and punctuation) to strengthen an opinion’s implied meaning in online discussion. The findings report on participants’ nonverbal marker use, pre-instruction and post-instruction, for two levels of EFL language proficiency.