Sessions / Teacher Education (TED)
In this annual general meeting, members of the Teacher Development (TD) SIG will report on the recent activities of the group. Officers will share information and news about the SIG’s events, membership, publications, and other related matters. As well as discussing previous work, ideas about the SIG’s future will be shared, and the results of this year’s officer elections will be announced. Current and potential SIG members are encouraged to come along to this session.
This is for current research students to share their research as a “work-in-progress” with fellow participants and alumni. Participants can discuss their progress and problems, and receive constructive feedback and/or advice in an informal, relaxed setting. Please prepare a short summary for screen-sharing on Zoom. Macquarie students and alumni who would like to learn about what other students are researching or help with feedback are welcome to join.
This study examines what college students have gained through emergency remote learning utilizing ICT tools during a pedagogy course. This course adopted Slack, Zoom, Google services, and online quiz tools. A post questionnaire was conducted and the results indicate that most students believe the style of education in schools would change post COVID-19. It was also found that some of them had applied their acquired ICT skills to other situations outside of class.
Graphical visualisation of data can play a key part in research. Following the data collection stage, one of the first steps in a research project should be an exploration of the data to check assumptions, and identify possible patterns or trends. Here, alongside the appropriate descriptive statistics, plotting data in different ways can be very informative. In this workshop we will focus mainly on the initial exploratory stage of a research project. We will look at how to generate and interpret a number of different plots and diagrams using the R statistical package, with an emphasis on the ggplot2 package. The techniques covered can also be applied in the later stages of research when preparing print-ready materials or presentation slides. We will look at graphing and plotting solutions for both numerical data and text corpora to demonstrate techniques applicable to a variety of research situations. No experience with R necessary.
Reflective practice (RP) is one of the most effective forms of teacher development as it helps educators understand both what they are doing and why they are doing it. However, for it to be useful, RP must be systematic (Farrell, 2019). The presenters, who are experienced reflective practitioners, will briefly introduce the principles of RP before leading participants through a guided RP session. The workshop will conclude with the presenters sharing other ways to engage in RP so that participants leave with ideas for how to implement it for their professional development. Our hope is that the experience of having reflected on their own teaching with others will motivate them to continue engaging in such practices in their own contexts. The presentation will be in English, but participants are welcome to engage in RP in any language during the guided session.
Every student brings to class a unique set of skills, experiences, and learning preferences, which can be overlooked with a one-size-fits-all approach to teaching, planning, and assessment. Differentiated instruction is one way to address this. The purpose of this workshop is to introduce the concept of differentiation and then share ideas of how it can be utilized in a university ELT classroom with a diverse range of student abilities.
The Story-Listening/Guided Self-Selected Reading Program (SL/GSSR) is a complete program for EFL/ESL students; the goal being to bring beginners to high intermediate/low advanced in 3 to 4 years. SL/GSSR provides a substantial amount of optimal input, thus causing language acquisition. This workshop will introduce and promote discussion on the SL delivery method and the positive evidence of a SL/GSSR program on reading, writing, vocabulary acquisition, and TOEFL and TOEIC.
For educators, communities serve a variety of purposes, from creating and retaining the collective knowledge on fundamental tenets like best practices in teaching to collegial camaraderie, among others. Learners also belong to a variety of communities that influence everything about their academic experience, from learning motivation to groups made sanctioned by the instructor to facilitate language learning. The presenters will discuss effective creation and management of these communities is essential for a positive learning experience.
This study investigates how homeroom teachers (HRTs) use English as a lingua franca (ELF) as a strategy in English lessons with assistant language teachers (ALTs) and pupils in a Japanese primary school. The use of English as a lingua franca by the HRTs has various functions such as 1) giving directions, 2) managing pupils’ behavior, 3) giving encouragement, and 4) praising, with the use of repetition (Kaur, 2012) to enhance the intelligibility.
Mental models are simplified frameworks and metaphors that help us to make sense of and navigate through the world around us. In this session, the speaker will introduce a number of models that he feels have particular relevance to the field of language education. He will explain how they have affected his own thinking, and he will examine what insights each model can give us into the challenges of language teaching and learning in general.
EFL teachers require sustained collegial learning that is relevant to what goes on inside their classrooms. This presentation will highlight 10 21st century professional development (PD) strategies. The researchers will discuss the data that emerged from an intensive three-day PD workshop for in-service English teachers (n=17) and a follow-up online questionnaire. This data helped the research team establish a professional learning network (PLN) for Japanese secondary school EFL educators that supports organic and collegial learning.
To grow, teachers and teacher educators need to engage in mentoring conversations and foster meaningful relationships. In this workshop, we will introduce a process in which, in conversation, we reached a shared and collaborative understanding of key elements in language teacher education. One suggestion born out of the conversation, for example, is that we teachers attend to minute details in changes to practice in our classrooms. We welcome other suggestions from the participants.
Medium of instruction (MOI) is a controversial topic in ELT research and practice, with instructors holding different principles concerning the use of English and students’ languages. What happens to these principles, however, when courses shift to remote learning? This study describes a survey at three Japanese universities to assess how remote learning impacted teachers’ MOI. Findings suggest that some teachers compromise their MOI principles during frustrating circumstances, leading to stress and uncertainty.
This study investigates the self-reflections of 426 ALTs on the JET Programme in Japan regarding their own sense of purpose and value in EFL education. The results suggest that, whilst ALTs did feel a sense of contribution, they also felt as though they lacked chances to implement communicative teaching methods over the dominant grammar-based pedagogy. Suggestions to improve their role in the classroom are provided.
Some teachers interpret effective team teaching between JTEs and ALTs as equal input. However, this ideology is different from reality and deeply flawed. Part one of this workshop explains the causes of the common input imbalance and why an equal input is impractical. Part two explores how understanding and respect for the differences are crucial to effective team teaching. Practical ideas on how the two teachers can complement each other inside and outside of class are introduced.
The present research was born on the arising need of training preservice English language teachers online subsequent to the COVID-19 outbreak. Teacher candidates at a state university took Teaching Practicum II online, and how they experience online language teaching and teacher training has been qualitatively explored through self-reflection reports, open-ended surveys, and semi-structured interviews. The results of this phenomenological study provide thought-provoking implications for and insights into the current practice of preservice language teacher training.
This presentation will describe corpus assisted critical analysis of online discourse about assistant language teachers (ALTs) in Japan. This discourse can build awareness of employment issues affecting ALTs, but it may also contribute to ALTs’ perceptions of disempowerment by promoting ideas that ALTs are fundamentally unprofessional and their exploitation is unavoidable. To counter this, it is hoped users of online communities will approach them with a sense of solidarity, not only competitiveness or frustration.
The Cuisenaire rods are colored rods between one and ten cm long. They are excellent tools for classroom use. Rods can represent people, buildings, streets, cars, etc., as well as grammar structures like clauses in a sentence. Standing a blue rod beside a green one, for example, we can elicit, “Mr. Blue is taller than Mr. Green.” I’ll share several different ways to use the rods and explain why they are effective for language learning.
One of the challenges facing teachers who have had to move their teaching online is how to ensure that learning is still taking place. Traditional ways of assessing students’ progress are no longer applicable – so how do we move assessment online too? This presentation looks at two new online tests that can be used to place students at the correct level, monitor their progress across all four skills and be administered remotely.
This study investigated an interactional practice for promoting assistant language teachers’ (ALTs)’ participation in team teaching lessons with Japanese English teachers (JETs). Using conversation analysis, the researcher conducted a comparative case study on 15 team teaching lessons of two pairs of ALTs and JETs in two public junior high schools. The analysis found that with the ALTs taking over the turns for Evaluation from “Initiation-Response-Evaluation sequences”, it made a significant impact on promoting their participation.
In this presentation, I will briefly explain some of the initial findings from an ongoing research project into junior high school teachers’ sense of agency before describing some of the research design issues which have emerged as I attempt to understand teachers’ views and beliefs. The presentation is aimed at stimulating discussion regarding teacher agency and the value and the difficulties in using multiple methods in educational research.
This presentation offers practical advice from the fields of infographics and visual design to help teachers produce more successful academic posters. Most of the principles are equally applicable to creating effective presentation slides. Topics covered include use of language and text, colour and shape, and high-impact graphs and charts. In addition, the presentation offers suggestions on software and online design tools and resources. The presenter was a winner of a Best Poster award at JALT 2018.
The presenter analyzes the use of brief, teacher-centered small talk over two terms to Japanese high school EFL learners. Two end of term surveys and one end of year class evaluation indicated that students appreciated these anecdotes as a tool to improve their listening skills, warm-up, learn more about their teacher, and create a comfortable classroom environment. Reflections are offered for those interested in implementing small talk in a similar style in their own classrooms.
This presentation reports on two key components to establish a community of practice among non-English elementary preservice teachers: practice and reflection. L2 teacher practice is achieved through complementary theory, practice and discussion sessions, which offer the preservice teachers the opportunity to establish and explore their L2 teacher identity. Reflection is encouraged through the use of the elementary Japanese Portfolio of Student Language Teachers (JPOSTL) currently being developed and trialled by the JACET English Education SIG.
This study aims to investigate university teachers’ self-efficacy toward teaching English as a foreign language online. The rapid transition from face-to-face to online teaching in 2020 has caused many teachers to start teaching online without proper training, preparation, and support. A survey was administered to 138 university English teachers in Japan to examine how they feel about teaching online. This study concludes with pedagogical implications for teachers making a more effective transition to online teaching.
The presenters will highlight reasons teachers tend to resist technology in teaching, explain the importance of training, and then give a workshop showing how the Niigata JALT chapter has been successful in showing teachers around Japan best practices for using technology. We will show participants how to set up a webinar step-by-step explaining needed equipment and giving practical tips. Based on feedback for our webinars, we hope to inspire others to hold online events.
The past few months challenged us all. We’ve now got firsthand experience. We’ve learned and adapted. In some ways we’re better. What will we be bringing back to face-to-face classes (other than a few extra kilos around the waist)? What did we learn? What do we want to keep? English Firsthand authors will share some of what they have been doing. We’d love for participants to share what you are doing, learning, discarding, and keeping.
This workshop will highlight the development of in-service training for fostering JHS teachers’ confidence to teach English in English. To prepare JHS teachers for using English for instruction, hands-on two-day training was conducted to improve teachers’ English instructional skills and to develop their English proficiency. As JHS teachers learned students’ perspectives of learning English in English, they acquired a positive attitude toward using English in class. Findings and implications for training will be discussed.
Most textbooks contain more materials and activities than can be completed during the time available. Teachers therefore have to select what content to deal with and ignore. In this presentation, we will present criteria for the effective use of textbooks including to what extent the content integrates the four skills and grammar/vocabulary, and how accessible the meanings in the language are. Pages from a widely used secondary school textbook are applied throughout the presentation.
Have you considered using the New CEFR Revisions in developing and accessing your students’ listening and speaking skills especially in time of crisis? What are the new adjustments added to its descriptors? How can teachers use them through online teaching in time of crisis? Join us to learn more about this through different practical applicable activities.
Fostering prospective teachers is at the heart of teacher education. Teacher education should have a sharper focus to advance effectively (Beck & Kosnik, 2009). Among common practices for preparing future teachers is the implementation of the teaching practicum course. Centering on preservice teacher education in an EFL context, the research findings offer perspectives of the current practices and highlight important aspects for preservice teachers and teacher educators to address prior to the teaching practicum journey.
This presentation will report on an action research project that was undertaken in university-level English teaching license courses. The research was triggered by five premises for community building by John F. Fanselow. One premise, for example, suggests that teachers and their students make small changes in their lessons in order to enrich classroom experience. Findings indicate that the preservice teacher participants experienced diversified feelings and emotions toward the collaborative approaches employed in the courses.
The presenter has designed his own ePortfolio system using WordPress. Student-teachers update their ePortfolios over two years. The purpose is to help them link theory with practice, share their discoveries about teaching and learning with others, and set their own professional development goals. The presenter will show how WordPress was customized to create the ePortfolio system and through in vivo coding demonstrate the knowledge student-teachers themselves have generated and shared about English teaching and learning.
In this paper, I report on an ongoing qualitative research project of reflective practice in which I investigate dialogic teaching in my first-year content-based EFL classrooms. I carried out a qualitative analysis of student surveys by tracing shifts in identity and identification with English. I argue that these collaborative orientations delineate the theoretical core of dialogic teaching.
The presentation reports an English teacher teaching metacognition survey study conducted in Taiwan. The study reveals information about the current status of teaching metacognition among Grade 1-12 English teachers, its connection to teacher preparation these teachers received in the past, and their teaching practice now. Additionally, it highlights implications and suggestions for teacher training and professional development in the future.
Although overseas teacher training has been a Japanese EFL teachers’ professional development opportunity for over two decades, there is little knowledge about hosts’ perspectives on these programs. This study explored one of the overseas programs and examined how the host viewed the goals and roles of the program. The findings from the interviews with two program coordinators highlight the hosts’ hope for a longer-term treatment to make the training more beneficial for teachers.
This study reports on an exploratory investigation of a faculty development (FD) program at a Japanese university. The program aims to facilitate the employment of English-medium instruction (EMI) by training the university’s faculty members and to support them to improve their English language skills. Reflecting on the presenter’s personal observations, the support needs of the faculty participants, the program’s positive aspects, and the possible recommendations for improvement are discussed.
This session will present qualitative data from surveys and interviews with graduate-level MA TESOL students required to learn fully online during the time of COVID-19. Data will be presented on student perceptions around participation and engagement in asynchronous online discussion forums. Based on findings from the data, attendees will learn strategies for setting up and sustaining viable and effective online discussion forums for adult students.
I detail the techniques I use to incorporate narrative inquiry into a methods course for preservice English teachers. The aim is to encourage students to think about their identities as teachers and language learners, and to view the class itself as an unfolding narrative. Specific techniques include narrative frames that access reflections on the course as a whole and written assignments that interrogate the social contexts in which teachers live and work.
Despite the initial expectation for obtaining a similar vocabulary acquisition rate from Story-Listening Method with Japanese adult students, the results of this study instead suggested what should not be done with Story-Listening instruction. This study has shown what we need to be careful about when we give a Story-Listening lesson, and also suggests that when optimal input is not present, it is difficult to produce optimal results.