Negotiating Face or Politeness in Aviation English
This study explores the pragmatics of aviation english (AE) used between pilots and air traffic controllers in radiotelephony communications. AE is composed of a combination of highly prescribed aviation phraseology and plain English for non-routine situations. Although politeness is often considered superfluous in AE, negotiation of face and (im)politeness emerges especially when using plain English. Based on the findings, we offer suggestions for interactional training and testing for native and nonnative English-speaking aviators.