Sessions / Zoom 9

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10:45 Sat

A Strategic Discussion Plan for Critical Thinking #663

This presentation will outline the materials, procedure, and results of research into a planning strategy for small group discussions. The effects of the strategy on critical thinking and metacognitive awareness will be described.

This presentation will outline the materials, procedure, and results of research into a planning strategy for small group discussions. The effects of the strategy on critical thinking and metacognitive awareness will be described.

11:20 Sat

Demystifying and Teaching Critical Thinking #443

This workshop presents an approach to critical thinking instruction in the context of L2 English academic courses. During this workshop we will discuss how to define and position the concept of critical thinking. We will also review an example of how activities might be structured throughout the term and what materials might be useful. In addition, we will review examples of student work to discuss how teachers can identify evidence of critical thinking.

This workshop presents an approach to critical thinking instruction in the context of L2 English academic courses. During this workshop we will discuss how to define and position the concept of critical thinking. We will also review an example of how activities might be structured throughout the term and what materials might be useful. In addition, we will review examples of student work to discuss how teachers can identify evidence of critical thinking.

11:55 Sat

Developing CT: Impact of Class Size and Reflection #646

College students in six reading classes participated in a study that observed how they develop the habit of thinking critically using textbooks with activities based on Bloom’s taxonomy. Students’ reflective reports and the course-end questionnaire show that over 70% experienced the usefulness of critical thinking (CT) activities, and more than half of them claimed they recognized their elevated habit of thinking critically. Students in large classes suggested individual reflective writing is more meaningful than group activities.

College students in six reading classes participated in a study that observed how they develop the habit of thinking critically using textbooks with activities based on Bloom’s taxonomy. Students’ reflective reports and the course-end questionnaire show that over 70% experienced the usefulness of critical thinking (CT) activities, and more than half of them claimed they recognized their elevated habit of thinking critically. Students in large classes suggested individual reflective writing is more meaningful than group activities.

12:50 Sat

Eight Shortcuts for Understanding Tense and Aspect #384

Mastering the English tense-aspect system remains challenging for university EFL learners, namely given their writing needs in academic English and, eventually, for work-related purposes. We developed eight shortcuts that reflect the shared conceptualizations of the main tense-aspect grammar rules, based on ontological structures of time and happenings. These shortcuts have allowed students to efficiently understand the main workings of the entire system and facilitated their appropriate use of English tenses.

Mastering the English tense-aspect system remains challenging for university EFL learners, namely given their writing needs in academic English and, eventually, for work-related purposes. We developed eight shortcuts that reflect the shared conceptualizations of the main tense-aspect grammar rules, based on ontological structures of time and happenings. These shortcuts have allowed students to efficiently understand the main workings of the entire system and facilitated their appropriate use of English tenses.

14:00 Sat

Supplements and Methods to Maximize Your Textbook #418

Textbooks allow teachers to introduce topics, activities, and practice, but they are not always perfect for your situation. This presentation will share activities related to the Cambridge University Press Unlock series to help push students further into higher order thinking and critical thinking skills. Attendees will leave with ideas and links to prints of materials to expand their textbook into a better, more complete, student experience.

Textbooks allow teachers to introduce topics, activities, and practice, but they are not always perfect for your situation. This presentation will share activities related to the Cambridge University Press Unlock series to help push students further into higher order thinking and critical thinking skills. Attendees will leave with ideas and links to prints of materials to expand their textbook into a better, more complete, student experience.

16:45 Sat

Assurance of Learning for a Vocabulary Program #707

As universities in Japan begin to create formal assurance of learning (AOL) frameworks, educators need to ensure that program wide vocabulary objectives and curriculum are in alignment. The purpose of this presentation is to help participants begin to craft a clear mission statement and objectives. The presenters will conclude with suggesting ways that administrators can develop formal processes for evaluating how well developers are achieving the mission as well as reporting the results internally.

As universities in Japan begin to create formal assurance of learning (AOL) frameworks, educators need to ensure that program wide vocabulary objectives and curriculum are in alignment. The purpose of this presentation is to help participants begin to craft a clear mission statement and objectives. The presenters will conclude with suggesting ways that administrators can develop formal processes for evaluating how well developers are achieving the mission as well as reporting the results internally.

17:20 Sat

Phrasal Verbs: Exploring an Embodied Approach #672

English phrasal verbs (PVs) are notoriously difficult for foreign language learners. This is often the result of PVs being numerous in quantity and highly polysemous. In this study, I compared the effectiveness of three different instructional approaches for the teaching of PVs; a linguistics, a cognitive, and an embodied approach. In this presentation, I describe the materials, method, and results from this study as well as possible implications for teaching PVs for language instructors.

English phrasal verbs (PVs) are notoriously difficult for foreign language learners. This is often the result of PVs being numerous in quantity and highly polysemous. In this study, I compared the effectiveness of three different instructional approaches for the teaching of PVs; a linguistics, a cognitive, and an embodied approach. In this presentation, I describe the materials, method, and results from this study as well as possible implications for teaching PVs for language instructors.

17:55 Sat

Vocabulary Acquisition Through Extensive Listening #604

This study investigated the effects of extensive listening (EL) on vocabulary acquisition among students with different vocabulary levels. Seventy-five Japanese university students engaged in EL for one-semester. The results showed that 12 hours of EL can increase students’ aural vocabulary knowledge regardless of vocabulary level, although the improvements are small. In order to increase the effectiveness, EL homework needs to be adjusted in terms of its procedure and materials.

This study investigated the effects of extensive listening (EL) on vocabulary acquisition among students with different vocabulary levels. Seventy-five Japanese university students engaged in EL for one-semester. The results showed that 12 hours of EL can increase students’ aural vocabulary knowledge regardless of vocabulary level, although the improvements are small. In order to increase the effectiveness, EL homework needs to be adjusted in terms of its procedure and materials.

18:30 Sat

Gairaigo: Japanese EFL Learners’ Hidden Vocabulary #633

This presentation describes an exploratory study of a brief university EFL course intended to activate learners’ English-Gairaigo (foreign loan word) vocabulary, including lesson contents, pre- and post testing results, and a survey conducted to assess students’ reception of the course. A brief history of Gairaigo, techniques for promoting awareness of it in the classroom, and a discussion of final test results as well as students’ enthusiastic response to the course will also be shared.

This presentation describes an exploratory study of a brief university EFL course intended to activate learners’ English-Gairaigo (foreign loan word) vocabulary, including lesson contents, pre- and post testing results, and a survey conducted to assess students’ reception of the course. A brief history of Gairaigo, techniques for promoting awareness of it in the classroom, and a discussion of final test results as well as students’ enthusiastic response to the course will also be shared.

10:45 Sun

Collaborative Creativity in the Language Classroom #750

Sun, Nov 22, 10:45-11:10 JST

This presentation will be useful for teachers interested in promoting student creativity in their classroom. It synthesises the latest research to understand a) why creative skills have become significant in education policy internationally and in Japan, b) how we can understand creativity as a phenomenon, and c) how to promote creativity, particularly collaborative creativity, in the language classroom. It is part of an ongoing research project into the role of creativity in Japanese education.

This presentation will be useful for teachers interested in promoting student creativity in their classroom. It synthesises the latest research to understand a) why creative skills have become significant in education policy internationally and in Japan, b) how we can understand creativity as a phenomenon, and c) how to promote creativity, particularly collaborative creativity, in the language classroom. It is part of an ongoing research project into the role of creativity in Japanese education.

11:55 Sun

NeuroBioPsychoSocial Eco-Educational Well-Becoming #481

The medical profession had for a long time a biological emphasis for looking at illness (for 200 years) and basically ignored people’s contributing psychologies and social behaviors. Engel’s BioPsychoSocial model (1977) argued that illness could also be caused by psycho-social reasons and that doctors needed more social “bedside manner”. Education can also benefit from understanding the biopsychosocial of students. The cognitive bias in SLA needs expanding for more ecological humanistic education.

The medical profession had for a long time a biological emphasis for looking at illness (for 200 years) and basically ignored people’s contributing psychologies and social behaviors. Engel’s BioPsychoSocial model (1977) argued that illness could also be caused by psycho-social reasons and that doctors needed more social “bedside manner”. Education can also benefit from understanding the biopsychosocial of students. The cognitive bias in SLA needs expanding for more ecological humanistic education.

13:25 Sun

Enhancing NGSL Recall Through Blended Learning #621

The presenters will examine the adoption of a blended learning vocabulary program called “English Central” into a mid-sized private Japanese university with the aim to enhance students’ vocabulary knowledge and recall. Building on a body of literature that supports the use of the New General Service List (NGSL), the presenters examine how blended learning systems can be used effectively in the classroom to promote students’ vocabulary knowledge.

The presenters will examine the adoption of a blended learning vocabulary program called “English Central” into a mid-sized private Japanese university with the aim to enhance students’ vocabulary knowledge and recall. Building on a body of literature that supports the use of the New General Service List (NGSL), the presenters examine how blended learning systems can be used effectively in the classroom to promote students’ vocabulary knowledge.

14:00 Sun

Self-Marking Meaning-Recall Vocabulary Levels Test #541

This presentation explains the limitations of the existing levels tests, and describes tests available at vocableveltest.org. Users select the wordlist (NGSL, SUBLEX), band size (100, 500, 1000), and the item format (meaning or form recall) of tests. Typed responses and dichotomously marked responses are downloadable. Incorrect responses are evaluated and valid answers are added to an answer bank. Classical test theory, item response theory analysis, and post-test interviews indicate the tests provide validation evidence.

This presentation explains the limitations of the existing levels tests, and describes tests available at vocableveltest.org. Users select the wordlist (NGSL, SUBLEX), band size (100, 500, 1000), and the item format (meaning or form recall) of tests. Typed responses and dichotomously marked responses are downloadable. Incorrect responses are evaluated and valid answers are added to an answer bank. Classical test theory, item response theory analysis, and post-test interviews indicate the tests provide validation evidence.

16:45 Sun

Deep Vocabulary Study: Semantic Representations #686

Sun, Nov 22, 16:45-17:10 JST

Most contemporary vocabulary instruction in ESL centers around simple, shallow meanings or translations. For words with more abstract or complex meanings, these shallow representations can be insufficient. Using the internal semantic representation of words, a deeper meaning can be provided to address this. An exploratory study with 18 intermediate Japanese students showed that their usage of 20 English verbs improved with instruction using internal semantic representations. This result supports deep vocabulary study in ESL.

Most contemporary vocabulary instruction in ESL centers around simple, shallow meanings or translations. For words with more abstract or complex meanings, these shallow representations can be insufficient. Using the internal semantic representation of words, a deeper meaning can be provided to address this. An exploratory study with 18 intermediate Japanese students showed that their usage of 20 English verbs improved with instruction using internal semantic representations. This result supports deep vocabulary study in ESL.

17:20 Sun

Principles of Word Learning: A Roadmap to Success #383

Sun, Nov 22, 17:20-18:20 JST

Teachers should understand the different aspects of word learning and what that entails at the form-meaning level and for the more complex deeper aspects of vocabulary knowledge such as collocation and colligational knowledge, register, politeness, lexical domain, polysemy and so on which cannot be directly taught or learnt. Rather they need to be “felt” or “sensed”. The presentation will put forward a roadmap for teachers and students to follow.

Teachers should understand the different aspects of word learning and what that entails at the form-meaning level and for the more complex deeper aspects of vocabulary knowledge such as collocation and colligational knowledge, register, politeness, lexical domain, polysemy and so on which cannot be directly taught or learnt. Rather they need to be “felt” or “sensed”. The presentation will put forward a roadmap for teachers and students to follow.

09:30 Mon

Making Visible the Ghosts Which Reproduce Anxiety #536

Mon, Nov 23, 09:30-10:30 JST

Japanese learners’ anxieties regarding the enforced study of English is related to their cultural upbringing as well as the manner in which U.S. hegemony was established as a result of World War II. The U.S. has greatly influenced the type of educational system which has been installed via their significant influence on Japanese politics. A prominent example of this is the influence of standardized testing in the form of the TOEIC exam.

Japanese learners’ anxieties regarding the enforced study of English is related to their cultural upbringing as well as the manner in which U.S. hegemony was established as a result of World War II. The U.S. has greatly influenced the type of educational system which has been installed via their significant influence on Japanese politics. A prominent example of this is the influence of standardized testing in the form of the TOEIC exam.

10:45 Mon

Interactive Presentations Increase Participation #467

Student reticence can be a significant problem, especially with first-year students in large classes. Employing interactive presentations using critical thinking can increase both student agency and classroom participation. In addition, the activity creates a situation where classroom language interactivity is predominantly student-student in a whole class environment. The presenter will outline the steps to effectively implement such a system.

Student reticence can be a significant problem, especially with first-year students in large classes. Employing interactive presentations using critical thinking can increase both student agency and classroom participation. In addition, the activity creates a situation where classroom language interactivity is predominantly student-student in a whole class environment. The presenter will outline the steps to effectively implement such a system.

11:20 Mon

Connecting Speaking Confidence With Self-Efficacy #607

Being able to communicate in English opens up a world of opportunities to study or work abroad. Yet the English proficiency of Japanese graduates remains one of the lowest in Asia. In this presentation, I will discuss how a qualitative study of Japanese university students’ sources of self-efficacy revealed how learning experiences at JHS and SHS contributed to students’ speaking confidence and proficiency. I will conclude with some recommendations for university, JHS, and SHS teachers.

Being able to communicate in English opens up a world of opportunities to study or work abroad. Yet the English proficiency of Japanese graduates remains one of the lowest in Asia. In this presentation, I will discuss how a qualitative study of Japanese university students’ sources of self-efficacy revealed how learning experiences at JHS and SHS contributed to students’ speaking confidence and proficiency. I will conclude with some recommendations for university, JHS, and SHS teachers.

11:55 Mon

Reducing Cognitive Bias in Small Group Discussion #628

Mon, Nov 23, 11:55-12:20 JST

Small group discussion offers students many potential benefits. Some of these benefits include developing critical thinking, perspective sharing, and exploring issues. However, the potential of group discussion work can also be negatively impacted by the effect of cognitive biases such as confirmation bias and groupthink bias. This presentation looks at some strategies and tweaks teachers can employ to mitigate some common cognitive biases and maximize the power of small group discussion.

Small group discussion offers students many potential benefits. Some of these benefits include developing critical thinking, perspective sharing, and exploring issues. However, the potential of group discussion work can also be negatively impacted by the effect of cognitive biases such as confirmation bias and groupthink bias. This presentation looks at some strategies and tweaks teachers can employ to mitigate some common cognitive biases and maximize the power of small group discussion.