Sessions / Zoom 4

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18:00 Mon

Writing Business Letters: An Attitudinal Approach #264

Business letters and email should reflect a positive, natural-sounding, and somewhat personalized writing style regardless of the topic matter—whether good news, bad news, or just routine information. Unnecessarily formal letters, or letters overladen with passive and noun phrase expressions, are not only wordy but also slow down quick-return communication. We will discuss, through four sample letters and exercises, how original letters can evolve into direct, polite, communicative revisions.

Business letters and email should reflect a positive, natural-sounding, and somewhat personalized writing style regardless of the topic matter—whether good news, bad news, or just routine information. Unnecessarily formal letters, or letters overladen with passive and noun phrase expressions, are not only wordy but also slow down quick-return communication. We will discuss, through four sample letters and exercises, how original letters can evolve into direct, polite, communicative revisions.

17:30 Tue

Gender, Language, and Community #266

Misako Tajima examines how Filipina tutors are constructed as gendered entities in Japan’s Skype English conversation industry. Sachi Komai explores the works of novelist Natsuo Kirino, who describes the influence of neoliberalism in Japan and its impact on women. Antonia Cavcic discusses Koike and Abe’s use of gairaigo during the Covid-19 pandemic in relation to gender, inclusivity, and clarity. Sara Schipper reports on discrimination, isolation, and satisfaction amongst female students attending a male-dominated, Japanese university.

Misako Tajima examines how Filipina tutors are constructed as gendered entities in Japan’s Skype English conversation industry. Sachi Komai explores the works of novelist Natsuo Kirino, who describes the influence of neoliberalism in Japan and its impact on women. Antonia Cavcic discusses Koike and Abe’s use of gairaigo during the Covid-19 pandemic in relation to gender, inclusivity, and clarity. Sara Schipper reports on discrimination, isolation, and satisfaction amongst female students attending a male-dominated, Japanese university.

19:15 Tue

GALE SIG Annual General Meeting #835

This is the Annual General Meeting of the Gender Awareness in Language Education (GALE) SIG. All members and prospective members interested in gender issues and awareness are welcome!

This is the Annual General Meeting of the Gender Awareness in Language Education (GALE) SIG. All members and prospective members interested in gender issues and awareness are welcome!

17:30 Thu

IC and Communities of Practice #274

The world has been coming closer than ever, thereby, creating new communities based on diverse cultures. One of our roles as language teachers should be to build vibrant communities that are based on trust, and willingness to accept beliefs that are different than our own. Embracing this year’s theme of “communities of teachers and learners”, we’ll discuss some practical ways adopted to reduce or eliminate any barriers that could have hindered a great learning experience.

The world has been coming closer than ever, thereby, creating new communities based on diverse cultures. One of our roles as language teachers should be to build vibrant communities that are based on trust, and willingness to accept beliefs that are different than our own. Embracing this year’s theme of “communities of teachers and learners”, we’ll discuss some practical ways adopted to reduce or eliminate any barriers that could have hindered a great learning experience.

19:15 Thu

ICLE SIG Annual General Meeting #834

This is the Intercultural Communication in Language Education (ICLE) SIG’s annual general meeting. We aim to promote discussion about various approaches to teaching intercultural communication in a foreign language classroom. At this meeting, we will report on our ongoing activities and discuss plans for future activities and publications. Members and anyone interested in joining our SIG in whatever capacity is warmly invited to attend. Don’t miss the opportunity to become part of our intercultural team!

This is the Intercultural Communication in Language Education (ICLE) SIG’s annual general meeting. We aim to promote discussion about various approaches to teaching intercultural communication in a foreign language classroom. At this meeting, we will report on our ongoing activities and discuss plans for future activities and publications. Members and anyone interested in joining our SIG in whatever capacity is warmly invited to attend. Don’t miss the opportunity to become part of our intercultural team!

18:30 Fri

Pragmatics: Three Research Perspectives #271

Research on pragmatics is generally from only one research perspective. However, this forum will bring together three researchers each with their separate research agendas: conversation analysis, discourse analysis, and sociolinguistics. These analysts will explain their overall approach and demonstrate the key steps in their analysis of the shared transcripts. This session will raise awareness of the differences and commonalities of the research perspectives, and, in addition, provide further insight into the pragmatics of real-life interaction.

Research on pragmatics is generally from only one research perspective. However, this forum will bring together three researchers each with their separate research agendas: conversation analysis, discourse analysis, and sociolinguistics. These analysts will explain their overall approach and demonstrate the key steps in their analysis of the shared transcripts. This session will raise awareness of the differences and commonalities of the research perspectives, and, in addition, provide further insight into the pragmatics of real-life interaction.

10:45 Sat

Getting Students to Share Stories #386

From ancient times to now, stories have been a means to share our experiences and develop our communities. But, how can we bring storytelling into the language classroom? This presentation will describe how the textbook, Discover Conversation, can help learners to share and react to each other’s stories. It will demonstrate ways to scaffold the learning process so that learners can be exposed to and engage in more authentic L2 storytelling.

From ancient times to now, stories have been a means to share our experiences and develop our communities. But, how can we bring storytelling into the language classroom? This presentation will describe how the textbook, Discover Conversation, can help learners to share and react to each other’s stories. It will demonstrate ways to scaffold the learning process so that learners can be exposed to and engage in more authentic L2 storytelling.

11:55 Sat

IELTS Speaking: Teaching English Holistically #532

Students in Japan spend a lot of time and energy studying for various exams during their educational journeys. In particular, language ability tests such as the IELTS are often quite intimidating for second language learners and even native-level speakers. In this workshop, we shall analyse the IELTS band descriptors for speaking and discuss some strategies and techniques that language teachers can employ in their routine classes to help students improve their IELTS scores.

Students in Japan spend a lot of time and energy studying for various exams during their educational journeys. In particular, language ability tests such as the IELTS are often quite intimidating for second language learners and even native-level speakers. In this workshop, we shall analyse the IELTS band descriptors for speaking and discuss some strategies and techniques that language teachers can employ in their routine classes to help students improve their IELTS scores.

12:50 Sat

Making Speaking Happen (Online and Off) #417

Although speaking is often regarded as the essential language skill, learners often feel frustrated that their ability to speak is still inadequate despite years of study. This talk will look at insights, old and new, about what the skill of speaking is and how to help learners improve their spoken ability. We will also look at why and how to incorporate “time to speak” in lessons and courses, whether delivered face-to-face or online.

Although speaking is often regarded as the essential language skill, learners often feel frustrated that their ability to speak is still inadequate despite years of study. This talk will look at insights, old and new, about what the skill of speaking is and how to help learners improve their spoken ability. We will also look at why and how to incorporate “time to speak” in lessons and courses, whether delivered face-to-face or online.

14:00 Sat

Building Community Through Learner Engagement #388

Nurturing community is critical for fully engaging students in learning. This presentation will explore how building community reduces psychological resistance and encourages student engagement. It discusses how to encourage an engaged learner community by building trust, making communicative activities more meaningful, and by focusing on learners’ personal point of view. A questionnaire to measure student resistance and engagement will be introduced. The focus will be hands-on and practical.

Nurturing community is critical for fully engaging students in learning. This presentation will explore how building community reduces psychological resistance and encourages student engagement. It discusses how to encourage an engaged learner community by building trust, making communicative activities more meaningful, and by focusing on learners’ personal point of view. A questionnaire to measure student resistance and engagement will be introduced. The focus will be hands-on and practical.

16:45 Sat

Intercultural Basics in Speaking Classes #472

Though many second language teachers feel a need to inject some intercultural learning in the context of low-intermediate and intermediate level speaking classes, it is often difficult to make this a reality. In this practical workshop, the presenters will show some practical methods and materials that can foster intercultural understanding, leading to deeper insights that will aid students as they navigate an ever more globalized society.

Though many second language teachers feel a need to inject some intercultural learning in the context of low-intermediate and intermediate level speaking classes, it is often difficult to make this a reality. In this practical workshop, the presenters will show some practical methods and materials that can foster intercultural understanding, leading to deeper insights that will aid students as they navigate an ever more globalized society.

17:55 Sat

Effects of Reading Skills on Speaking Performances #704

This study explores the effects of reading skills on speaking performances of Japanese university students in an English as a foreign language (EFL) environment. To investigate the relations between these two skills, reading and speaking tests were administered to 99 university students. After clarifying the students’ proficiency in lower- and higher-level processes from the reading test and speaking performances from the speaking test, the relationship between these two skills are discussed.

This study explores the effects of reading skills on speaking performances of Japanese university students in an English as a foreign language (EFL) environment. To investigate the relations between these two skills, reading and speaking tests were administered to 99 university students. After clarifying the students’ proficiency in lower- and higher-level processes from the reading test and speaking performances from the speaking test, the relationship between these two skills are discussed.

18:30 Sat

Crossroads of Speaking Practice and Autonomy #629

Although educators provide students with a proper learning environment, including suitable materials, instruction, and advice, their goal is to help students become autonomous learners. An English teacher at a language school and a language advisor created materials together to integrate the enhancement of students’ speaking skills with advising techniques. The report showed that the crossroads of these ideas could enhance students’ language proficiency and self-study skills.

Although educators provide students with a proper learning environment, including suitable materials, instruction, and advice, their goal is to help students become autonomous learners. An English teacher at a language school and a language advisor created materials together to integrate the enhancement of students’ speaking skills with advising techniques. The report showed that the crossroads of these ideas could enhance students’ language proficiency and self-study skills.

09:30 Sun

Oral Presentation Skills: A Duoethnographic Study #544

Reflective practice is deemed effective in building a community of teachers. Duoethnography can be used for reflective practice as it involves two or more researchers juxtaposing their life histories to analyze a phenomenon (Norris & Sawyer, 2016). In this presentation, two university-level English language instructors will analyze the use of oral presentation in English language learning by discussing their past language learning experiences, present teaching beliefs, and how these beliefs have influenced their classroom practice.

Reflective practice is deemed effective in building a community of teachers. Duoethnography can be used for reflective practice as it involves two or more researchers juxtaposing their life histories to analyze a phenomenon (Norris & Sawyer, 2016). In this presentation, two university-level English language instructors will analyze the use of oral presentation in English language learning by discussing their past language learning experiences, present teaching beliefs, and how these beliefs have influenced their classroom practice.

11:20 Sun

Free Conversation: A Legitimate Use of Class Time? #436

Sun, Nov 22, 11:20-11:45 JST

The notion that interactional competence in the L2 emerges naturally once sufficient lexical/grammatical knowledge is in place was disputed by Widdowson (1978). This presentation suggests that the ability of learners to interact in the L2 requires both explicit teaching of interactional skills and also extensive opportunities for learners to engage in non-directed, phatic interactions. The presenter will outline the theoretical underpinnings of using free conversation in class time in relation to an interactional syllabus.

The notion that interactional competence in the L2 emerges naturally once sufficient lexical/grammatical knowledge is in place was disputed by Widdowson (1978). This presentation suggests that the ability of learners to interact in the L2 requires both explicit teaching of interactional skills and also extensive opportunities for learners to engage in non-directed, phatic interactions. The presenter will outline the theoretical underpinnings of using free conversation in class time in relation to an interactional syllabus.

11:55 Sun

Free Talk: Building Community Through Interaction #471

Free talk allows for learners to develop fluency in a more natural context while also developing a supportive community of learners. This speaking practice is based on Lev Vygotsky’s socio-cultural learning theory, which theorizes that the interaction between individuals is essential for learning. This presentation will discuss why and how to implement free talk in a university setting, as well as how these interactions help create a classroom community.

Free talk allows for learners to develop fluency in a more natural context while also developing a supportive community of learners. This speaking practice is based on Lev Vygotsky’s socio-cultural learning theory, which theorizes that the interaction between individuals is essential for learning. This presentation will discuss why and how to implement free talk in a university setting, as well as how these interactions help create a classroom community.

12:50 Sun

Teaching Reported Speech: Are EFL Texts Adequate? #675

Sun, Nov 22, 12:50-13:15 JST

Reported speech is a key language skill but it is often dealt with in a superficial manner in EFL textbooks or skipped altogether. This presentation reports on a survey of 220 EFL speaking textbooks’ coverage of reported speech. The survey identifies and enumerates a number of shortcomings. Participants should come away with a better understanding of the importance of reported speech, the inadequacies of textbooks, and the necessity of going beyond the textbook content.

Reported speech is a key language skill but it is often dealt with in a superficial manner in EFL textbooks or skipped altogether. This presentation reports on a survey of 220 EFL speaking textbooks’ coverage of reported speech. The survey identifies and enumerates a number of shortcomings. Participants should come away with a better understanding of the importance of reported speech, the inadequacies of textbooks, and the necessity of going beyond the textbook content.

13:25 Sun

Soft Skills for Developing A Sense of Community: JALT2020 #425

While university graduates demonstrate academic and professional knowledge and skills, they lack interpersonal, communicative, and analytical abilities. Academic intelligence has little to do with emotional life (Goleman, 2009). The presenters argue that teaching soft skills in EFL classes has the potential to increase students’ sense of community and collaboration that they will transfer to their future. The different ways and techniques to develop learners’ soft skills and emotional intelligence in the ELT classroom are presented.

While university graduates demonstrate academic and professional knowledge and skills, they lack interpersonal, communicative, and analytical abilities. Academic intelligence has little to do with emotional life (Goleman, 2009). The presenters argue that teaching soft skills in EFL classes has the potential to increase students’ sense of community and collaboration that they will transfer to their future. The different ways and techniques to develop learners’ soft skills and emotional intelligence in the ELT classroom are presented.

14:00 Sun

Maximum Practice: Getting Your Students Speaking #548

Sun, Nov 22, 14:00-15:00 JST

Speaking skills are becoming critical for students’ success in many academic environments and workplaces, and yet they rarely get the attention they deserve in the classroom. In this session, I’ll be exploring strategies for helping students get the most out of speaking-focused communicative activities and building students confidence and fluency. We’ll talk about practical ways of solving common problems to get students speaking more.

Speaking skills are becoming critical for students’ success in many academic environments and workplaces, and yet they rarely get the attention they deserve in the classroom. In this session, I’ll be exploring strategies for helping students get the most out of speaking-focused communicative activities and building students confidence and fluency. We’ll talk about practical ways of solving common problems to get students speaking more.

16:45 Sun

Storytelling Test for Listening & Speaking Class #493

This workshop will demonstrate how to use a storytelling technique (Al Harrasi, 2012; Hirai & Koizumi, 2008; Keshta, 2013; Morrow, 1988; Wang, 2013) in an English listening and speaking class. Participants will read a short story, rewrite key parts of the story, and retell it to their partner. In addition, participants will understand how this activity was perceived by first year English junior college students via the data collection method of narrative frames (Barkhuizen 2014).

This workshop will demonstrate how to use a storytelling technique (Al Harrasi, 2012; Hirai & Koizumi, 2008; Keshta, 2013; Morrow, 1988; Wang, 2013) in an English listening and speaking class. Participants will read a short story, rewrite key parts of the story, and retell it to their partner. In addition, participants will understand how this activity was perceived by first year English junior college students via the data collection method of narrative frames (Barkhuizen 2014).

17:20 Sun

Give Support in Class, Online, and Asynchronously #397

Non-classroom teaching is the new norm and teachers are now familiar with the challenges and (occasional) joys of working remotely with students. It’s essential that materials support teachers in these new realities, offering classroom teaching ideas but recognising that we may not be meeting students face to face regularly. This presentation will highlight aspects of Smart Choice 4th edition which can help inside and outside the classroom and autonomous features that support students working alone.

Non-classroom teaching is the new norm and teachers are now familiar with the challenges and (occasional) joys of working remotely with students. It’s essential that materials support teachers in these new realities, offering classroom teaching ideas but recognising that we may not be meeting students face to face regularly. This presentation will highlight aspects of Smart Choice 4th edition which can help inside and outside the classroom and autonomous features that support students working alone.

18:30 Sun

A Framework for Weekly Student-Led Discussions #433

In this practice based session, the presenter will explain the development and scaffolding of a weekly routine where students took turns acting as a discussion leader for their peers by creating discussion questions and facilitating group discussion. The presenter will describe pre-teaching activities to improve discussion skills, the framework used to guide students through discussion preparation and presentation, and materials used for grading the weekly leader.

In this practice based session, the presenter will explain the development and scaffolding of a weekly routine where students took turns acting as a discussion leader for their peers by creating discussion questions and facilitating group discussion. The presenter will describe pre-teaching activities to improve discussion skills, the framework used to guide students through discussion preparation and presentation, and materials used for grading the weekly leader.

09:30 Mon

Research-Based Guidelines for Conversation Lounges #571

This research focused on examining how language was being used in a mid-sized private Japanese university’s English conversation lounge area. Through analysis of transcriptions of recordings, the researchers discovered patterns in distribution and length of turns, direct vs indirect interventions, and attention towards accuracy and fluency. The implications of the findings can help inform the development of and training for other such English conversation lounge areas at other universities.

This research focused on examining how language was being used in a mid-sized private Japanese university’s English conversation lounge area. Through analysis of transcriptions of recordings, the researchers discovered patterns in distribution and length of turns, direct vs indirect interventions, and attention towards accuracy and fluency. The implications of the findings can help inform the development of and training for other such English conversation lounge areas at other universities.

10:05 Mon

Crossing the Proficiency Divide #568

This study reports on the monologic and dialogic discourse from 42 students, and how student fluency and production (speaking time and the number of words spoken) differ over two groups, one with lower TOEIC scores (average 257) and the other with higher TOEIC scores (659). While speaking times were marginally significant, the number of words doubled with the advanced group. A common problem, however, is the students’ inability to elaborate more on their initial responses.

This study reports on the monologic and dialogic discourse from 42 students, and how student fluency and production (speaking time and the number of words spoken) differ over two groups, one with lower TOEIC scores (average 257) and the other with higher TOEIC scores (659). While speaking times were marginally significant, the number of words doubled with the advanced group. A common problem, however, is the students’ inability to elaborate more on their initial responses.

11:55 Mon

Student Engagement With 5-Minute Free Speaking #616

How often do you give your learners the chance to speak in English about self-selected topics that match their interests and level? Learners are often asked to speak with a purpose in class, such as fulfilling grammatical, lexical or pragmatic goals, or discussing a set topic. The findings of a classroom-based research project are presented comparing student engagement with a free-speaking activity in two conditions; speaking with the instructor and speaking with peers.

How often do you give your learners the chance to speak in English about self-selected topics that match their interests and level? Learners are often asked to speak with a purpose in class, such as fulfilling grammatical, lexical or pragmatic goals, or discussing a set topic. The findings of a classroom-based research project are presented comparing student engagement with a free-speaking activity in two conditions; speaking with the instructor and speaking with peers.